Polish English French German

Słuchaj teraz

Pobierz aplikacje

Dialog 1

Dialogue 1 - Present simple

 - Hello. - how are you?

- I'm fine  - and you?

- I'm well, Thanks. My name is Gerald  - what's yours?

- Oh - I'm Clare.

- Do you live here - in Colchester?

- No. - I live in a village near Ipswich - it's about 14 miles from Colchester.

- And. - are you married?

- Yes - I'm married

- Do you have children?

- Yes I've two boys but they're both grown up and live a long way away. One lives in Shanghai and he is married to a Chinese lady  - - they have a little boy aged 1 - his Chinese name is Dongdong. And my other son lives north of Manchester  - near the Lake District. He's married  - and has a little girl aged 2 called Scarlet. She has blonde curly hair and she's very sweet.

- Do you see them very often?

- I'm retired so I try to visit at least once a year. We talk together on the Internet. We all have iPads and use FaceTime. It's great to see each other.

- And your husband - what's he like?

- He's kind, good looking, very clever and makes laugh (and cross sometimes)

- And where is he today?

- Opposite me - you're my husband.

- And who writes the dialogues?

- You do!!

Dialog 1 - wyjaśnienie

Dialogue 1 'to be' explanation

In this dialogue we talk  in the present tense and use several forms of the verb 'to be'

I am

He,she,it is

We are, you are (the same in singular or plural)  and they are

 

Whilst speaking we often shorten the form as in the dialogue

'I am' -  becomes -  'I'm fine'   'He is'  becomes - 'He's married' 'She is' - 'She's very sweet'

'It is' - 'It's about 14 miles'.   'You are' - 'You're my husband!-'  'We are' - 'We're married'.  'They are' - 'They're both grown up.'

 

In the same way the questions - 'What is he like?'   becomes  - 'What's he like? ' and

'Where is he today?' becomes ' Where's he today?'

 

Both the long form and the short form are correct whilst speaking and it doesn't matter which you use as long as you can understand both.

 

Listen again to the dialogue and try to pick out the long and the shortened forms of the verb 'to be'

Dialog 2

Dialogue 2. - shortened version of verb 'to have'  and 'got'

- Hello.    How are you this evening?

- I'm not so good.    I've got a headache and I've a sore throat! How are you?

- I've also got a headache.  I think I've got a cold!

- We've both got the same thing. A cold! That's not so good.

- I've got some tablets for headache and cold from the pharmacy in the supermarket. Have you got any medication?

- Don't worry. I've also got some tablets from the chemist in the High Street. Here. Look!

- Ah! We've both got the same tablets. They've got the same name and label. 'For colds and flu'

- Well! We're both ill together this evening. That's nice!

- That's just fine! We've got the television to watch and we've two microwave meals in the fridge.

- OK. Let's enjoy our colds together!  A happy husband and wife in front of the television.

- I'm not too sure about that!

Dialog 2 - wyjaśnienie

Dialogue 2. - shortened version of verb 'to have'  and 'got'- explanation

Another verb which is usually shortened in conversation is the verb 'to have'

For example

I have a husband or I have a wife becomes. 'I've a husband' and 'I've a wife'

We have becomes ' We've a new baby '   You have becomes ' You've a teenage son.

They have becomes  'They've two children'

He has, she has and it has  may also sound shortened in fast conversation and you need to recognise it 'she's two children, he's two boys etc but as a foreign language learner it's better to say 'she has ,he has etc

 

This brings us on to the word 'got' which is often added . You'll hear it all the time.

I've got a husband

I've got a wife

We've got a new baby

They've got two children

 

Using the word 'got' is when you are very likely to hear

She's as short for she has etc  - She's got two children

He's  - He's got two boys

It's- It's  got one bathroom!

 

Either with or without 'got' is now common in conversation 

I've a wife    .I've got a wife

 

In written English, write the full form of both 'to be' and 'to have' but in conversation the shortened form is more often used.

 

Listen to the dialogue and see if you can hear the shortened form of the verb 'to have' and the use of the word 'got'

 

And at the end of the dialogue just  remember listeners that women  get colds whilst men are very sick and  get 'man flu' . A common saying in English! Bye!

Dialog 3

Dialogue 3    Present continuous-

- Hi Clare - what are you doing?

- Shssh - I'm having a quiet break - I'm feeling tired.

- Oh Sorry, I'm thinking of taking Gerty for a walk. I really like Gertie!

- Who's Gerty?  Is she pretty?

- She's the dog next door and she's barking at the moment.  - woof, woof!!

- That sounds like you barking!

- No it really is her.

- OK. - Where are you taking her?

- I'm walking across the fields - at the back of the house.

- Are the fields muddy?

- It is raining now so they might be.

- Make sure you're wearing your old boots and take them off before you come back into the house.

- OK I'm leaving now - I want some biscuits for Gerty and I need her lead. Gerty is always running away, chasing rabbits.

- They're all in the cupboard. Take the whistle - she usually comes back if you blow it loudly. Have a good walk .

Dialog 3 - wyjaśnienie

Dialogue 3 - Present continuous.   Explanation

In this dialogue, which is spoken in the present tense, we are using mainly the present continuous. Example   - What are you doing? It is raining.

These are ongoing actions happening now and continuing. This is known as the GERUND form of the verb, don't worry about the name,  it  has an 'ing' ending and is used with parts of the verb 'to be'

eg I am thinking. I am feeling '.  

Often we use the shortened form we looked at in earlier dialogues.

eg I'm leaving , It's raining, you're wearing old boots

We never say 'I am needing' just 'I need'  and the same goes for 'I  like', 'I want' which are used in the present simple form

Sometimes we can use either.

Earlier I said   'We are using mainly the present continuous' I might have said 'We use...'

We will look at more examples in later dialogues .